Invited Speakers: Wednesday, June 23
- 10:00 - 11:00. Nello Cristianini (University of Bristol, United Kingdom)
Shortcuts to artificial intelligence
The current paradigm of Artiﬁcial Intelligence emerged as the result of a series of cultural innovations, some technical and some social. Among them are apparently small design decisions that led to a subtle reframing of the ﬁeld’s original goals, and are by now accepted as standard. They correspond to technical shortcuts, aimed at bypassing problems that were otherwise too complicated or too expensive to solve, while still delivering a viable version of AI. Recent cases of unexpected eﬀects of AI are the consequences of those same choices, and this is why it will be diﬃcult to solve them. We review three of these choices and their connection to challenges such as bias, value alignment, privacy and explainability.
- 11:00 - 12:00. Helena Matute (Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, Spain)
Natural and artificial learning
Learning allows people and animals to adapt their behavior to the uncertain and changing conditions of their environment. This flexibility has allowed humans to survive and to adapt to many different conditions. But this process is also subject to errors. If we pursue a flexible artificial intelligence that can learn and adapt to the environment, then we must acknowledge that there will be errors and biases, and many of these biases will affect humans in important ways. Accurate detection, prediction, and management of these problems is critical to ensure a positive impact of artificial intelligence on human wellbeing.
- 12:00 - 13:00. Lorena Jaume-Palasi (The Ethical Tech Society)
Beyond Mechanical Thinking in Technology and Ethics.
Rationality is the basis on which much of Western science and philosophy (as well as social and institutional practices) is founded: from natural sciences to social sciences, the arts and humanities, including the relatively young field of engineering and computer science. The understanding of rationality in the mainstream of modern philosophy is the core of the mechanical thinking behind both technology and mainstream European ethics within this context. In fact, European legal and political thinking is trapped in the logic of the mechanical. This methodological thinking poses a relevant challenge to normative approaches in general, but especially in the context of new technologies.